THE EFFECT OF DIGITALIZATION ON ILLUSTRATION IN GRAPHIC DESIGN
Illustrations that support the visual aspect of the graphic arts are visual images used to interpret, depict, explain or embellish content in books, newspapers and online media. The communication process, which evolved from the drawings on the cave walls to writing, is insufficient on its own. Illustrations can express a feeling, a meaning or an essence more effectively than a wall text can. Illustrations can simplify a complex idea, complement the words or message expressed to the user, and can sometimes stand alone without any necessary explanation. Illustrations continue to take a permanent place in our lives by enabling us to give details that cannot be seen in photography or to express imaginary ideas or thoughts with digitalization. Today, with wider and more efficient distribution networks, illustrated newspapers, books and magazines find a suitable distribution area. Both graphic design and illustration have their own techniques and tools. With digitalization, these tools are developing and reaching a level that every user can achieve. With different types of software, illustrators develop their own artistic forms. The illustrations, which were previously made with computers, have now been replaced by graphic drawing tablets.
In this study, it is aimed to draw attention to the illustrations that help the sector trying to keep up with the digitalized world, to research the techniques used and new technology products. For this purpose, the types of illustration were researched, the traditional techniques still used today and the developing digital tools were examined. The developments experienced with digitalization in illustrations, the effects of produced software and applications on graphic design are discussed.